Biology For Engineers 21BE45​

Biology For Engineers 21BE45

Module 1`

BIOMOLECULES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS (QUALITATIVE):
Carbohydrates (cellulose-based water filters, PHA and PLA as bioplastics), Nucleic acids (DNA Vaccine for Rabies and
RNA vaccines for Covid19, Forensics – DNA fingerprinting), Proteins (Proteins as food – whey protein and meat
analogs, Plant based proteins), lipids (biodiesel, cleaning agents/detergents), Enzymes (glucose-oxidase in biosensors,
lignolytic enzyme in bio-bleaching).

Module 2

HUMAN ORGAN SYSTEMS AND BIO DESIGNS – 1 (QUALITATIVE):
Brain as a CPU system (architecture, CNS and Peripheral Nervous System, signal transmission, EEG, Robotic arms for
prosthetics. Engineering solutions for Parkinson’s disease).Eye as a Camera system (architecture of rod and cone cells,
optical corrections, cataract, lens materials, bionic eye).Heart as a pump system (architecture, electrical signalling – ECG
monitoring and heart related issues, reasons for blockages of blood vessels, design of stents, pace makers, defibrillators)

Module 3

HUMAN ORGAN SYSTEMS AND BIO-DESIGNS – 2 (QUALITATIVE):
Lungs as purification system (architecture, gas exchange mechanisms, spirometry, abnormal lung physiology – COPD,
Ventilators, Heart-lung machine).Kidney as a filtration system (architecture, mechanism of filtration, CKD, dialysis
systems). Muscular and Skeletal Systems as scaffolds (architecture, mechanisms, bioengineering solutions for muscular
dystrophy and osteoporosis).

Module 4

NATURE-BIOINSPIRED MATERIALS AND MECHANISMS (QUALITATIVE):
Echolocation (ultrasonography, sonars), Photosynthesis (photovoltaic cells, bionic leaf). Bird flying (GPS and aircrafts),
Lotus leaf effect (Super hydrophobic and self-cleaning surfaces), Plant burrs (Velcro), Shark skin (Friction reducing swim
suits), Kingfisher beak (Bullet train). Human Blood substitutes – hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) and
perflourocarbons (PFCs).

Module 5

TRENDS IN BIOENGINEERING (QUALITATIVE):
Bioprinting techniques and materials, 3D printing of ear, bone and skin. 3D printed foods. Electrical tongue and electrical
nose in food science, DNA origami and Biocomputing, Bioimaging and Artificial Intelligence for disease diagnosis. Selfhealing Bioconcrete (based on bacillus spores, calcium lactate nutrients and biomineralization processes) and
Bioremediation and Biomining via microbial surface adsorption (removal of heavy metals like Lead, Cadmium, Mercury,
Arsenic).

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